Calfskin is a leather or membrane produced from the hide of a calf. Calfskin is particularly valuable because of its softness, and fine grain, as well as durability. It is commonly used for high-quality clothing, shoes, wallets and similar products, as well as traditional leather bookbindings. In Spanish, the word is “Novillo”, referring to leather from animals less than three years old. Chickenskin, despite its name, is actually a form of calfskin made using the skin of unborn calves.
In fashion, soft finished calfskin is sometimes described as veau velours (French for “velvet calf”).Fine calfskin is one of the skins used for vellum and parchment manuscripts.Full-grain leather refers to hides that have not been sanded, buffed, or snuffed (as opposed to top-grain or corrected leather) to remove imperfections (or natural marks) on the surface of the hide.
The grain remains allowing the fiber strength and durability. The grain also has breathability, resulting in less moisture from prolonged contact. Rather than wearing out, it develops a patina during its expected useful lifetime. High quality leather furniture and footwear are often made from full-grain leather. Full-grain leathers are typically available in two finish types:aniline, semi-aniline.